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WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service)

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WINS runs on Windows NT Server-based networks. It is a service that keeps a database of computer name-to-IP address mappings so that the NetBIOS computer names used in Windows network environments can be mapped to IP addresses when the underlying network is IP-based. When a user needs to access some computer, the NetBIOS name is referenced, and this name is handed to the nearest WINS server, which then returns an IP address. WINS is almost completely automatic from an administrative point of view. It builds its own database over time and automatically updates itself. WINS does for NetBIOS what DNS does for Internet names.

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