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Note: Many topics at this site are reduced versions of the text in "The Encyclopedia of Networking and Telecommunications." Search results will not be as extensive as a search of the book's CD-ROM.

CERN is the French acronym for the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, which is located in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN gained importance with regard to networking and the Internet because it is where Tim Berners-Lee and associates created the communication protocols that brought about the World Wide Web. The protocols allowed users with browsers to access information on Web servers. This work was extended in 1993 when the NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications) released the graphically oriented Mosaic Web browser. Marc Andreessen, who headed up Netscape before it was purchased by AOL, was responsible for that work.

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